Engineering Transactions, 49, 2-3, pp. 283–313, 2001

Modelling Electric and Elastic Properties of Cartilage

A. Gałka
Polish Academy of Sciences

J.J. Telega
Polish Academy of Sciences

R. Wojnar
Polish Academy of Sciences

The aim of the paper is to propose a novel approach to modelling the macroscopic electromechanical behaviour of cartilage within the framework of linear response. The cartilage is treated as multiphase material with four constituents: anions, cations, viscous fluid and piezoelectric skeleton. The macroscopic equations were derived by using homogenization methods. Only stationary flow was studied. The elastic macroscopic moduli were determined by assuming, after BFLOOM [60], the honeycomb microstructure of the cartilage. Mathematical developments are preceded by a review of structure and properties of a cartilage.
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