Engineering Transactions, 51, 2-3, pp. 339–347, 2003

Traumatic Damage Pathomechanism of Cerebral Vessels Caused by Geriatric Changes

E. Wiczkowski
Wrocław University of Technology

A. Kędzia
Wrocław Medical Academy

A. Kania
Wrocław University of Technology

The knowledge of mechanical properties of the brain blood vessels enables an assessment of pathological changes caused by human aging. As it results from our investigations, a greater elasticity of blood vessels in the occipital region accounts for the rare occurrence of subdural space blood clots in this region of the brain. Also, a map can be derived based on our results, of the most severe head trauma directions causing damages of blood vessels in the subdural space.
Keywords: biomechanics; cerebral vessels; mechanical strength; geriatric changes
Full Text: PDF


E. ALBERT, Senile Demenz und Alzheimersche Krankheit als Ausdruck des gleichen Krankheitsgeschehens, Fortschr. Neurol. Psychiat., 32, 625–673, 1964.

S.M. ARONSON, H. OKAZAKI, A study of some factors modifying response of cerebral tissue to subdural hematomata, J. Neurosurg., 20, 80–89, 1963.

H. BERGEL, Biomechanics, Fung, Perrone, Anliker, 1972.

V.A. BRAUNMUHL, Altereserkrankungen des Zentralneruensystems, [in:] Hdb. Der spez. Path. Anatomie und Histologie, J. Springer, Berlin, XIII/IA, 337–539, 1957.

J. DALI, PATEL, L. DONALD, M.D. FRY, The Elastic Symmetry of Arterial Segments in Dogs, Circulation Research, 24, l, 1–8, 1969.

J. DYMECKI, D. OSTROWSKA, A clinical-morphological analysis of cases of unrecognised subdural haematomas [in Polish], Neur. Neurochir. Poi., 18, 26, 497–506, 1976.

J. DYMECKI, D. OSTROWSKA, Late-life nontraumatic subdural haematomas morphological study, Cerebral ischemia and arterial hypertension, M. J. MOSAKOWSKI [Ed.], Poi. Med., Pub., 1560–156, Warsaw 1978.

Y.C. FUNG, Biomechanics. Mechanical properties of living tissues, Springer-Verlag, New York–Heidelberg–Berlin 1981.

J.G. GREENFIELD, D.S. RUSSEL, Traumatic lesion of the central and peripheral neurons system, [in:] Greenfield's Neuropathology, [Ed.| Arnold, 441–445, London 1963.

J. HALLERYORDEN, Über das normale und pathologische Alter des Gehirns, Nervenarzt, 28, 10, 433–445, 1957.

O. HASSLER, Angioarchitecture in hydrocephalus, Acta Neuropath, 4, 65–74, 1964.

Z. JAGODZIŃSKI, J. WALESZEWSKI, J. JAKUBOWSKI, Intracranial posttraumatic haematomas and hydromas in advanced and senile age diseases [in Polish], Neur. Neurochir. Poi. 3, 19, 43–48, 1969.

W. KAWIAK, M. MARKIEWICZ, A. MUSZYŃSKI, B. MAKSYMOWICZ, L. ŻMIGRODZKA, Subacute subdural haematomas as a likely result of epileptic state [in Polish], Neur. Neurochir. Poi. 6, 24, 5, 753–755, 1974.

A. KĘDZIA, Vein conglomeration of lateral cerebral fossa and sulcus, [in Polish), Neuropat. Poi., 12, 3, 515–532, 1974.

W. KRAULAND, Über die Quellen der akuten und chronischen subduralen Hämatom, Zwanglose Abhhandlungen aus dem Gebiet der normalen und pathologischen Anatomie [Eds.] W. BARGMANN, W. DOERR, HEFT, G. THIEME, Stuttgart 1961.

H. KRAYENBUHL, H.G. YASARAGIL, Die zerebrale Angiographie, G. Thieme, Stuttgart 1965.

B.M. LEAROYD, M.G. TAYLOR, Alterations with age the viscoelastic properties of human aortic walls, Circulation Res., 18, 278–92, 1966.

R. LINDENBERG, Trauma of meninges and brain, [in:] Pathology of the Nervous System, J. MIACKLER [Ed.], Mc Graw-Hill, 2, 1705–1765, New York 1971.

TH. LEURS, H. SPATZ, Picksche Krankheit, [in:] Hdb. Der spez. Path. Anatomie und Histologie, J. Springer, 13, 1A, 614–715, Berlin 1957.

F. MOREL, N. WILDI, Contribution a la connaissance des differentes alterations cerebrales du grandage, Arch. Neurol. Psychiat., 76, 190–197, Schweiz. 1955.

P. SOBIN, Mechanical Properties of Human Veins, MSc Thesis, University of California, San Diego, Calif. 1972.

W.F. STHEBENS, Pathology of the cerebral blood vessels, Subdural hematoma, Mosby, 227–251, Sant Luis 1972.

E. TARNOWSKA-DZIDUSZKO, Morphological examination in late-life psychoses [in Polish], Doctoral dissertation, Warsaw 1969.

G. WOLF, Das subdurale Hematoma und die Pachymeningitis haemorrhagica interna, Springer, Berlin–Gottingen–Heidelberg 1962.

W.G. YATES, Experimental studies of the variations in the mechanical properties of the canine abdominal vena cava, Sudaar report 393 Stanford University, Calif. 1966.

K.J. ZULCH, Pathomorphology and pathophysiology of cranio-cerebral trauma, Pat. Poi., 25, 3, 339–366, 1974.

E. WICZKOWSKI, A. KĘDZIA, The application of microscarifier to studies of mechanical grain properties, Scientific Papers of Wrocław Medical Academy, 19, l, 44, 341–347, Warsaw 1987.

Copyright © 2014 by Institute of Fundamental Technological Research
Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland