Engineering Transactions, 56, 2, pp. 159–180, 2008

Bending of Fragmented Architraves Restored With Bolted Titanium Bars: a Numerical Analysis

S. K. KOURKOULIS
National Technical University of Athens, School of Applied Sciences Department of Mechanics, Laboratory of Testing and Materials

E. GANNIARI-PAPAGEORGIOU
National Technical University of Athens, School of Applied Sciences Department of Mechanics, Laboratory of Testing and Materials

The mechanical behaviour of restored structural members of ancient monuments is studied
in the present paper with the aid of the Finite Element Method. The study is motivated by
the needs of the conservation project in progress on the Parthenon Temple of the Acropolis of
Athens; the results however could be valuable for various stone monuments under conservation.
Centrally fractured prismatic marble architraves (epistyles) of rectangular cross-section
restored with either threaded or smooth titanium bars are modelled. The architraves are resting
on marble blocks simulating the capitals (abacuses) of the columns of the temple. They
are subjected to bending under uniformly distributed loading along their span, following the
results of earlier studies, concerning the influence of the loading mode on the overall behaviour
of restored structural members. The method used for determination of the reinforcement
required is the one introduced recently by the scientists working for the restoration of the
Acropolis monuments. All the loads that could be applied on the member after it is replaced
in its initial position in the monument were taken into account, including the own weight of
the member, the weights of the members that will rest on it after the restoration, as well as
possible dynamic (earthquake) loads. Emphasis is laid on the influence of the threads of the
bolted bars in comparison to the results for the unbolted ones, in an effort to quantify the
maximum anchoring length required in order to minimize the intervention on the authentic
stones. The distribution of the stress and strain fields all over the architrave-abacus-reinforcing
bar system is investigated and conclusions are drawn concerning the extreme stresses and the
points where they are developed.
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