Engineering Transactions, 61, 2, pp. 119–136, 2013

An Experimental Study on Rate Sensitivity of J-Integral and its Evaluation by Small Punch Test for TRIP Steel

Leishi SHI
Graduate School of Engineering, Hiroshima University

Institute of Engineering, Hiroshima University

SUZUKI Motor Corporation

Recently, much attention has been paid to TRIP steel since it indicates both high ductility
and strength by strain induced martensitic transformation. This transformation allows TRIP
steel to offer larger energy absorption than other steel at the same strength level. Therefore,
it is expected to be applied to automobiles as security components that absorb energy upon
collision. To produce the best performance of TRIP steel, the J-integral of TRIP steel should be
investigated with respect to a various deformation rates for an evaluation of energy absorption.
In the present study, the three point bending (3B) test is conducted for investigating the J-
integral until the crack growth of TRIP steel. Then, in order to determine the energy absorption
characteristic by the J-integral value at various locations in the components of TRIP steel,
the size of the specimen should be very small. Thus, an SP test is introduced and conducted
by using the newly established apparatus based on the SHPB method. By using the result
of the SP test in conjunction with the result of a 3B test, the evaluation of the J-integral
of TRIP steel subject to various deflection rates is attempted. The correlation between the
J-integral and the equivalent fracture strain of the SP test for TRIP steel is challenged to be
Keywords: TRIP steel; energy absorption; J-integral, rate sensitivity; small punch test; SHPB method
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