Engineering Transactions, 65, 1, pp. 133–145, 2017

Modelling of Damping Properties of Articular Cartilage During Impact Load

Tomasz KLEKIEL
http://www.uz.zgora.pl
University of Zielona Góra
Poland

Jarosław WODZISŁAWSKI
Military Clinical Hospital, Wrocław
Poland

Romuald BĘDZIŃSKI
University of Zielona Góra
Poland

The paper presents some details about difficulties in modelling of articular cartilage. The most useful method to simulate a mechanism of tissue deformation during load is Finite Element Method (FEM). In this paper the authors present an approach of modelling a damping phenomenon in articular cartilage of an ankle joint. The damping property was modelled and analysed with an assumption that the reaction force is different suitable to change of a dynamic load. The model of lower extremity consists of three main bones: tibia, fibula and talus. The force acting on the model was generated from displacement of the talus according to the main biomechanical axis of a leg. The results present the role of an articular cartilage in distribution of energy inside the lower extremity. The analysis was carried out according to three main aspects: the reaction force in a support, the influence contact on the energy dissipation and the role of cartilage thickness in transmission of energy by the tibiotalar joint.
Keywords: : biomechanics; ankle joint; cartilage; stresses in cartilage; damping; finite element
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